|Picture Credit: http://www.aansneurosurgeon.org|
These are incidences of not managing a learning curve well.
Fantasies are known for having learning curves because they frequently are trying to introduce new worlds, customs, and creatures. But any book has a learning curve. At the very least, the reader must learn who different characters are along with information about their lives.
A steep learning curve will require extra concentration. To a certain extent this can be a good thing. It can help suck readers into the story when they are trying to figure out what is going on. But a learning curve that is too steep will lose readers' interest because it requires a higher level of concentration than they want to give.
So what does this mean when writing?
Look at the the learning curve you are using, especially at the beginning of the book. Readers want to feel like they are jumping right into the story. They don't want pages or even paragraphs that feel like they are only setting up the scene. They want to see some sort of tension from the beginning.
BUT they only want to feel like they are jumping into the middle of the story. Be careful of opening your book by sticking the reader in the middle of a situation that they don't understand because they missed out on the beginning. Then you will find that you lose tension by continually reverting back to the past to try catching the reader up.
Balance at the beginning is best accomplished by asking yourself what the true beginning of your story problem is. For an example, let's look at the fairy tale Little Red Riding Hood because most people are familiar with it.
Little Red Riding Hood ExampleIf you were turning Little Red Riding Hood into a novel, you would want to look at the beginning of the problem, which is going to create the tension for us. I would start it with Little Red Riding Hood finding out that her grandmother is sick. At that moment you have a little girl who is worried about her sick grandmother. And you have a mother who has to weigh the need to send her daughter to the grandmother against the fear that her daughter may run into a wolf on the way. At that point it is not difficult to throw in the fact that the girl's nickname came from the red cape that she always wears, which she received for her birthday. It will come naturally to introduce the wolf because he is on the mother's mind.
A tendency to keep the learning curve too gradual at the beginning of a story will begin with the history of why Little Red Riding Hood has the nickname that she does. Then it will go on to explain the fact that a wolf is in the area. After all the work setting the stage, you will make it to the point that Little Red Riding Hood is going to visit her grandmother. All of this explanation before the problem begins (sick grandmother and Little Red Riding Hood's trip) will make it very difficult to keep a feeling of tension in your writing.
A learning curve that is too steep will start in the woods when the wolf is talking to Little Red Riding Hood. Or a very steep curve may even start the story when the wolf shows up at the grandmother's door to eat her. Suddenly you have to do flashbacks or constantly interject extra information to catch the reader up on what is going on.
This same concept is true through the entire book. The learning curve will not be static, but as you are editing pay attention to how much is being thrown at the reader in any one spot. Also, pay attention to the feedback you get from the people who review your manuscript. Ask them if there were any parts that were confusing or that dragged. The learning curve may be one reason for either confusing or dragging parts of the book.